foods to avoid with high blood pressure

5 Foods to Avoid for Hypertension Does a healthy diet low in sodium and high in potassium help lower blood pressure? What foods are best for hypertension? Good fruits and vegetables? Foods that should be completely avoided? List and tips from nutritionist Raphael Gruman. foods to avoid with high blood pressure.

foods to avoid with high blood pressure

Changing the type of diet is an important component in the complex treatment of diseases, since what we eat (and in what quantities) is reflected in our state of health. We tell you what foods can not be consumed at high pressure.

The content of the article


  • Alcohol
  • Coffee, cocoa, and strong tea
  • Salt
  • Animal fats and margarine
  • Sweet and floury
  • Rules for switching to permitted products


Drinking alcohol is harmful to health, it has long been known. Concerning hypertensive patients, alcoholic beverages are dangerous not only by their ability to increase blood pressure but also by high-calorie content. Excess weight, in turn, provokes an increase in pressure: each extra kilogram can increase pressure by 1 mm Hg. Art.

At the same time, it should be noted that the harm of alcohol is directly related to its amount. If you do not go on a wine diet but are disciplined to consume only one glass, it is quite possible that this will not harm your health. But this issue should be resolved individually, preferably by a doctor, and not by the hypertensive patient himself.

It is also worth considering that not only alcohol itself has a calorie content, but also snacks for it. Thus, it is necessary not only to dose the consumption of alcoholic (wine, beer) drinks, but also to deliberately approach the choice of snacks.


Coffee, cocoa, and strong tea

Tonic drinks increase blood pressure: they remove water from the body, which makes the blood thicker. One cup of coffee or tea will not cause serious consequences, but unlimited use of these drinks can lead to problems. Since coffee and tea lovers are divided into those who like the taste of the drink, and those who need an invigorating effect, there are two solutions. Fans of the taste of coffee and tea can pay attention to decaffeinated varieties or switch to alternative drinks: chicory, barley, or acorn "coffee", rosehip broth, infusions of currant, raspberry, strawberry leaves, water with the juice of berries or fruits, boiling water with ginger and cinnamon, etc. For those who need to cheer up, is somewhat more complicated, since a significant amount of tonic drinks increases pressure. However, tea from Chaga, mate and water with lemongrass seeds not only refreshes but also has the ability to lower blood pressure.

In addition, hypertensive patients can try to drink weakly brewed tea and weak coffee, but you need to get used to their taste.



This is not only about reducing the use of salt added to home-cooked meals, but also about the ban (or at least a significant reduction in the use) of ready-made meals that contain a lot of salt. These include fast food, chips, sausages, smoked meats, semi-finished products, dried fish, pickled vegetables, canned fish and meat, etc. The norm for salt intake is 3-5 grams. That's how much is contained in the portion bags that are issued on airplanes and fast food eateries.

To make the food not seem fresh, you can try using seasonings: cumin, basil, nutmeg, dried dill and parsley, garlic, onion, lemon juice, etc. Of course, they will not replace salt, but at least the dishes will not be completely tasteless.


Animal fats and margarine

Fatty meat, fish, lard, natural cream, and other animal products are high in cholesterol, high in calories, and increase stress on the heart and kidneys.

Under the ban are also concentrated meat and fish broths - they have a stimulating effect on the cardiovascular system. Accordingly, jelly (jelly) is also impossible.

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Low-fat varieties of meat and fish are allowed, which also need to be steamed, boiled, stewed, or baked without the use of fat. Low-fat dairy products. including cheese and cottage cheese, you can use it. Butter is allowed in limited quantities - no more than 20 grams per week, but with the permission of a doctor.

Animal fats and margarine.

Sweet and floury

Flour can lead to weight gain, and sweet, in addition, indirectly increases blood pressure. The sugar contained in fruits, berries, and dried fruits is not prohibited, but limited. It must be remembered that dried fruits and candied fruits contain more sugar than fresh fruits and berries, so the choice should be made in favor of the latter. Of fruits and berries, citrus fruits, bananas, pomegranates, and cranberries are most useful for hypertensive patients.


Rules for switching to permitted products

Switching to proper nutrition is not so easy, because you need to follow the recommendations not for a certain period, but for the rest of your life. It is psychologically difficult from habit. In addition, not everyone can figure out how to eat the “right” foods.

In order to more easily survive the rejection of the usual way of life, you need to give up prohibited foods gradually, and not all at once. For example, you can start drinking on Fridays not two bottles of beer, but only one. Or make it a habit at work not to take breaks for coffee and cookies.

In terms of menu planning, the experience of staying in a sanatorium or hospital can help: they prepare dishes from the right products in the right ways. In addition, you can search the Internet for information on the list of products and how to combine them. Keywords for search: "table number 10".

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