what to eat after a surgery
Even a small surgical intervention is a great stress for the body, so after the operation, it is necessary to pay due attention to recovery. The most important factors are rest, healthy sleep, and Eating after surgery. Many people forget about the importance of the latter, although it is proper nutrition that can significantly shorten the recovery period and speed up regenerative processes.
General rules after surgery:
1. Eat slowly and chew well
2. Stop when saturated
3. Focus on solid foods
4. 3 meals + fruits + yogurt
5. Don't drink with meals
6. Increase physical activity
7. Avoid Vomiting
8. Avoid sweets and liquid calories
Dietary recommendations for patients after bariatric surgery:
Violation of these recommendations in the first 2-3 weeks after surgery can lead to the development of serious complications. Therefore, we strongly recommend that you adhere to the prescribed diet and, if any problems arise, contact your doctor.
The first three days after the operation it is allowed to drink only:
- still water,
- weak warm tea
- on the third day, compote and low-fat broth can be added to the water.
*Should be drunk slowly, in small sips (about the size of a teaspoon), but at frequent intervals, approximately every 5-7 minutes. The maximum amount of liquid drunk at a time is 20 ml.
If you experience discomfort in the stomach or nausea, you need to take a half-hour break.
*Drink must be at room temperature.
*The first day after the operation, the volume of liquid is not more than 400 ml.
*On the second and third days - about 1 liter of liquid.
In the first week, you can only drink the liquid.
Any unsweetened liquids are allowed:
- still water
- low-fat chicken broth
- 1% milk
- weak warm tea
- therapeutic protein enteral nutrition
- protein drinks
After the third day, you can drink more than one liter per day, but only in small sips with mandatory intervals of at least 5 minutes.
*Must avoid fatty broths, liquids with pieces of fruit, and carbonated drinks.
During the second week after surgery up to 1 month after surgery :
1. Any unsweetened liquids are allowed. It should be drunk in small sips. It is necessary to drink liquid, at least 1 liter per day.
The mode of eating and drinking remains the same, in small sips and with an interval of 5 minutes.
2. You can eat pureed food. You need to start with a teaspoon, gradually increasing the volume to 2 tablespoons. At first, food will be continuous, since you will not be able to take the prescribed volume at one meal.
3. At least 100 g of protein should be supplied per day.
4. It is necessary to avoid the use of carbonated and alcoholic beverages.
What foods can be consumed?
- crushed in a blender:
- chicken meat
- white fish fillet
- fruit and vegetable puree
- children food.
3 and 4 weeks after surgery:
- food should be frequent and fractional - 4-5 times a day, 2-4 tablespoons.
- You must drink at least 1.5 liters of fluid per day.
Avoid Stringy meats, vegetables containing hard fiber, fruits, and vegetables with thick skin and large bones.
Starting from the 5th week after the operation, you can switch to a "soft" diet.
This means that new foods can be added to your old diet. This diet is called “soft” because all the foods you eat must be prepared in such a way that you can easily knead them with a fork.
If your diet has enough protein (more than 90g), you can add chopped fruits and vegetables.
As a result of cooking, vegetables should be soft. You can also include ripe, unpeeled fruits in your diet.
It is forbidden to use fruits canned in syrup, sweet fruit juices, as well as vegetables cooked in vegetable or butter.
2 months after the operation, you can eat normal food. The diet should include vegetables and fruits, whole grain bread, meat, and fish.
Avoid fresh bread, tough meats, and hard-skinned fruits.
Approved Products :
- Canned tuna and chicken in own juice
- Lean turkey meat
- Skinless chicken meat
- Lean pork or beef
- Beaten or boiled eggs
- Baked or boiled fish and seafood
- Beans and lentils
- Fat-free or low-calorie cottage cheese, mozzarella, or ricotta cheese
If your diet contains more than 90 g of protein per day, you can add:
- Vegetables without peel
- Ripe fruit without peel
- Fruits preserved in their juice
- 1% or skim milk
- Decaffeinated coffee and tea
- Other unsweetened drinks
- Milk with a fat content of more than 2%
- Butter, margarine, vegetable oil, mayonnaise.
- Ice cream
- Cakes, pastries, sweets
- Sausages, lard
- fried food
- Sweet drinks
- Carbonated drinks
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